Modern and Classical Languages Department

Latin 1

Length:                Year
Credit:                1.00

Prerequisite:             None

Latin 1 offers an basic program in reading, writing, and even speaking Latin, as well as an introduction to the fascinating world of the ancient Romans.  In addition to acquiring fundamental vocabulary and grammar, students study the founding of Rome and its early history, culture and mythology through the words of the Romans themselves and through adapted readings. The study of Latin words and their English derivatives extends English vocabulary, and through the disciplined study of Latin grammar students improve their communication and analytical skills.  Special topics include Olympian gods and their mythology, daily life in ancient Rome, and gladiators.  

Latin 2

Length:                Year
Credit:                1.00

Prerequisite:             70% (C) or higher in previous Latin courses, a 70% (C) or higher on the Middleburg

Academy Placement Exam

Latin 2 advances the students’ reading, writing, and pronunciation skills as they progress from indicative verbs through to the subjunctive. Students also continue the study of Classical civilization and mythology in order to understand their enduring influences on Western civilization. Special topics include the collapse of the Roman Republic, the Greek and Roman Underworld, Greek heroes and the Trojan cycle, and Roman architecture.

Latin 3

Length:                Year
Credit:                1.00

Prerequisite:             70% (C) or higher in previous Latin courses, a 70% (C) or higher on the Middleburg

Academy Placement Exam

Latin 3 is a course of intermediate level reading Latin, the primary goal of which is to develop the student’s ability to read significant works of Roman authors in their original language. Along with developing increased facility with reading and comprehending original Latin, this course introduces the students to the forms and structures of Latin literature, both prose and poetry. Students begin the year with a thorough review of Latin 1 and Latin 2 from the Ecce Romani course before moving on to study unabridged selections from the major authors of ancient Rome. Through their reading, students gain insight into Roman political and social life as they gain contact with some of the world’s greatest literature. Special topics include religious and daily ceremonies of Roman life, native Italian gods, and the early Empire.

Latin 4

Length:                Year
Credit:                1.00

Requirements:  An 80% B or higher in previous Latin courses
A score of an 80%  or higher on Middleburg Academy Language Placement Exam
Be willing and consistent with work, not complaining about quantity or rigor of

Assignments
Be willing and able to complete independent practice time for review of grammar in addition to daily homework

Have shown a consistent level of engagement and effort in the Latin classroom in past classes

Latin 4 is a course of advanced Latin reading. Students will continue to develop reading and comprehension skills with more advanced literature chosen to suit the students’ interests, and advance to the analysis of rhetorical structures and poetic techniques. Students begin the year with a thorough review of Latin grammar before moving on to study selections from the major authors of ancient Rome in conjunction with study of the historical and cultural background of the literature. Through their reading, students gain insight into Roman political and social life as they gain contact with some of the world’s greatest literature, as well as into the world of Roman literature.

Advanced Placement Latin

Length:                Year
Credit:                1.00

Exam requirement:    The AP Latin exam is required in addition to the course semester and final examinations.

Prerequisite:             Admittance to this course is by teacher recommendation ONLY. Students recommended for

AP Latin will have the following qualifications:

A 80% B or higher in previous Latin courses
A score of a 80% B or higher on Middleburg Academy Language Placement Exam
Be willing and consistent with work, not complaining about quantity or rigor of assignments
Accept a minimum of 3 hours a week of practice time for review of grammar in addition to daily homework
Have shown a consistent level of engagement and effort in the Latin classroom in past classes
e an enthusiastic student of ancient Rome in all facets: culture, language, history, mythology

Course Fees:    Prepayment of the College Board’s AP exam fee.  

AP Latin is a course intended for very dedicated and capable Latin students. The focus of AP Latin is accurate translation with complete understanding of all grammar, as well as the stylistic analysis of the central literature of ancient Rome. Students will also gain further understanding of the history, literature, and culture of the Romans as they encounter the major texts of AP Latin:  Caesar’s Gallic War, a text important for its insight into history, and Virgil’s Aeneid, perhaps the most important and influential work of all Latin literature.

AP Latin is designed to provide advanced high school students with a rich and rigorous Latin course, approximately equivalent to an upper-intermediate (typically fourth or fifth semester) college or university Latin course. Upon completion of the course, students will be able to read, understand, translate, and analyze Latin poetry and prose.  Texts have been chosen that will allow students to encounter some of the important people, events and literary genres of Roman times, focusing on the core periods of the late Republic and the early Principate, including Vergil’s Aeneid and Caesar’s Gallic War.

 

 

SPANISH 1

LENGTH:                YEAR
CREDIT:                1.00

This course offers beginning students a basic program of study of pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar to include the present indicative tense, noun-adjective agreement, irregular present tense verbs, direct and indirect object pronouns as well as an introduction to the future tense (futuro inmediato). Students learn through a variety of approaches including: mini-dialogues, visuals, oral and aural drills. Students interact with the teacher and classmates using vocabulary that is relevant in their lives. Culture is incorporated via “Culture Cards” which students complete throughout the year on their assigned countries. Students’ culture cards are discussed regularly to foster understanding of other peoples in our own communities as well as around the world.  In class, students are encouraged to ask questions and to respond to questions or prompts in Spanish as the year progresses. 

SPANISH 2

LENGTH:                YEAR
CREDIT:                1.00

Prerequisite:             A 70% C or higher in previous Spanish courses

                A score of a 70% C or higher on Middleburg Academy Language Placement Exam

Spanish 2 extends the student’s basic reading, writing, speaking and listening skills of a second language and offers the students with many opportunities to improve speaking proficiency. Students also study Latin American geography, culture and history beginning with the Pre-Columbian civilizations through contemporary time, in order to understand Spanish-speaking cultures and to further appreciation of the importance of Spanish in our world. Students advance their spoken and written skills with the study of preterit, imperfect, and compound tenses. Study of other grammar structures will include comparative and superlative adjectives, demonstrative adjectives, irregular verb forms and the contrasted uses of ser and estar. Students will be able to narrate events in the present or past with limited errors. Assessment of student progress is based on tests, quizzes, class work, homework and participation.

 

SPANISH 3

LENGTH:                YEAR
CREDIT:                1.00

Prerequisite:             A 70% C or higher in previous Spanish courses

A score of a 70% C or higher on Middleburg Academy Language Placement Exam

Spanish 3 is the third-year course designed for students finishing their requirement as well as those who plan to continue to pre-AP (Spanish 4) or AP Spanish Language and Culture.  Students also study Spanish geography, culture and history beginning with the Celtic, Roman, Visigothic and Arab civilizations in Spain through the Spanish Civil war and Post Fascist Spain, in order to understand Spanish-speaking cultures and to further appreciation of the importance of Spanish in our world. After some review of Spanish 1 and 2 materials, Spanish 3 moves on to advanced grammar and vocabulary study. The emphasis is on vocabulary building, reading comprehension and speaking through increasingly complex conversation. Students advance their writing skills with the use of all indicative tenses as well as the present and imperfect subjunctive and more familiarity of verbs that take a preposition. Students are expected to ask questions, respond to questions and prompts both in written and spoken Spanish in class. Assessment of students is based on tests, frequent quizzes, class work, homework and participation.

THEORETICAL SPANISH LINGUISTICS

LENGTH:                YEAR
CREDIT:                1.00

Prerequisite:  An 80% B or higher in previous Spanish courses

A score of an 80% B or higher on Middleburg Academy Language Placement Exam

Make daily attempts to incorporate spoken and written Spanish into communication in class with peers and outside of class with Spanish instructor

Express an interest in continuing to study Spanish in college/career

Work with the target language in some capacity outside of the classroom

ESL tutoring
International travel
ooks, movies, TV, music in Spanish

Maintain a positive attitude about the Spanish language in and out of school

Be willing and consistent with work, not complaining about quantity or rigor of assignments

Accept a minimum of 3 hours a week of practice time to Spanish reinforcement activities in addition to daily homework

Theoretical Spanish Linguistics is a class that methodically seeks to answer questions such as: what does it mean to know a language? i.e., what kind of knowledge does a native speaker have about his/her language? and, what are the main characteristics of human language? This course offers an introduction to the main concepts and methods of linguistic analysis, applied to the study of three main areas in the linguistic structure of Spanish: (i) its sound system (phonetics and phonology) (ii) word formation (morphology) and (iii) sentence structure (syntax). This course includes exercises to develop the students' linguistic awareness, by carrying out linguistic analysis of the phonetic, phonological, morphological and syntactic structures of Spanish. This comprehensive theory-based approach to linguistics in geared toward intermediate to advanced Spanish students who intend to pursue higher-level Spanish study. 
 

ADVANCED PLACEMENT SPANISH LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

LENGTH:                YEAR
CREDIT:                1.00

Exam requirement:  The AP Spanish Language and Culture exam is required in addition to the course semester and final examinations.
Prerequisite:  A 80% B or higher in previous Spanish courses
A score of a 80% B or higher on Middleburg Academy Language Placement Exam
Make daily attempts to incorporate spoken and written Spanish into communication in class with peers and outside of class with Spanish instructor

Express an interest in continuing to study Spanish in college/career
Work with the target language in some capacity outside of the classroom

ESL tutoring
International travel
Books, movies, TV, music in Spanish

Maintain a positive attitude about the Spanish language in and out of school

Be willing and consistent with work, not complaining about quantity or rigor of assignments

Accept a minimum of 3 hours a week of practice time to Spanish reinforcement activities in addition to daily homework

Course Fees: Prepayment of the College Board’s AP exam fee.  

The Advanced Placement  (AP) Spanish Language and Culture course is holistically designed to offer students a proficiency-based, rigorous college-level experience to maximize their potential in interpretive, interpersonal, and presentational skills in Spanish. The following graphic displays the six global, overlapping course themes of instruction and their related sub-themes: Global Challenges, Science and Technology, Contemporary Life, Personal and Public Identities, Families and Communities and Beauty and Aesthetics.

AP Spanish Language is a challenging course that is designed for motivated and dedicated Spanish students who wish to continue Spanish study in college. The course is designed to improve proficiency of written and spoken Spanish as well as integrate other language skills through use of authentic materials and resources.  Class discussion and frequent writing assignments as well as a thorough study of advanced grammar structures help students to be well prepared for the AP Spanish Language Examination. In order to connect the course with the ACTFL National Standards of Foreign Language of Learning for the 21st Century, students are expected to communicate entirely in the target language in AP ® Spanish Language and Culture as they compare and contrast Spanish-speaking cultures with their personal communities and connect their studies with other disciplines in their high school curricula.

¡Se habla español! Spanish is the dominant language of communication in this course among teachers and students. Students learn to use circumlocution techniques to interpret and convey vocabulary and structures when meaning is compromised in situations where specific terminology is not yet known. The goal is to develop a comfortable setting in which there is an appreciation and love for Spanish language learning where students feel free to take risks in order to maximize their level of proficiency.